Sea turtle in Pandan Island, Sablayan, Mindoro
Guides and Itineraries,  Philippines

Apo Reef and Pandan Island (Sablayan, Mindoro): Travel Guide + 3 Days Itinerary

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At the beginning of this year, my friend Peng invited me for a DIY trip to Apo Reef and Pandan Island in Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro. I’ve always wanted to go to Apo Reef but never had the chance to before, and I believe it was just the perfect timing because I’m a bit more confident in the water and can snorkel freely.

We stayed here for 3 days. We camped in one of the islands in Apo Reef and then later on proceeded to other side trips which include the shipwreck and Pandan Island.

Here’s my experience on our 3 days trip to Apo Reef Natural Park and Pandan Island. I also included a complete travel guide below.

Our Trip to Apo Reef and Pandan Island

Apo Reef Natural Park

Before anything else, let me  give you a short bit of introduction. It’s the largest atoll-type reef in the country and the second largest in the world, next to Australia’s Great Reef Barrier. It has crystal-clear waters and, according to Lonely Planet, is home to 285 species of fish and 197 species of coral. It’s a paradise for snorkelers, freedivers and scuba divers.

Apo Reef Natural Park consists of 3 islands, namely, Apo Island, Apo Menor and Cayos del Bajo. Apo Island is the largest of these three and also serves as the campsite for tourists in the island.

Apo Island in Apo Reef Natural Park
Approaching Apo Island.

When we arrived at Apo Island, the first thing I noticed is the beach. As a beach lover, I have high standards when it comes to tropical beaches — and the shores of Apo Island deserve a high rank in my list. The water is clear and blue, the sand is fine and turns a shade of pink when wet. Whenever I hear about Apo Island it’s always for its underwater beauty, so discovering this beautiful beach was a pleasant surprise for me.

Kat in Apo Island, Apo Reef Natural Park
Pinkish-sand beach in Apo Island.
Pawikan breeding ground in Apo Island, Apo Reef Natural Park, Mindoro
This shore serves as breeding ground for pawikans (sea turtles) and is off-limits to tourists.

We found shades under the trees in Apo Island and camped our tents. Afterwards, we took a dip in the beach. As my past trips had always been to farms or pool resorts, I’d forgotten the way my body floats in the ocean. It was calming and refreshing, like I’d forgotten and then rediscovered a thing that gives me joy.

From here onward, our time was dedicated to swimming, snorkeling and, for a lot of people who joined the trip, freediving. We’d board our rented boat and our tour guide would stop at specific spots around the island.

There’s a spot where there are sightings of white-tip sharks, sea turtles and other fishes. This area is deep and best fitting for freedivers, especially if you want to see the animals up close. I did see sharks and sea turtles, but since I was only snorkeling from above the sightings would only last a few seconds before the animals would ran away. The small sharks in particular could only be observed from a few meters away, since they swim away if you get too close.

We also saw a school of barracudas. Later, our tour guide showed us a lobster with white antenna, although by the time I swam to it, it had already retreated under a rock. It’s the same with an octopus we saw.

White-tip shark in Apo Reef, Mindoro
White-tip shark. (Photo by Coach Rogelio)
Barracuda in Apo Reef
A school of barracuda.
Mameng in Apo Reef, Mindoro
Mameng along the coral wall.

Spotting different types of creatures requires not only the ability to swim confidently, but also a keen eye and perfect timing.

Another interesting stop is this area where we could see underwater canals. I’m not sure what the purpose of these canals are, but the freedivers in our group were more than happy to practice swimming across them.

Underwater canal in Apo Reef
One of the underwater canals in Apo Reef.

Among the snorkeling areas around the island, a favorite of mine is the coral wall in front of the lighthouse. It reminded me of the long coral wall I’ve snorkeled at in Tomia Island in Southeast Sulawesi. There were table corals and other types of corals, fishes such as parrotfish, mameng (humphead wrasse) and other types of fish I’m not familiar with. The whole coral garden was very much alive, thriving and colorful, and stands as a huge contrast to the deep-blue side of the ocean which marks where the coral wall ends.

Snorkeling in Apo Reef, Mindoro
Snorkeling area in front of the lighthouse.
Snorkeling in Apo Reef, Mindoro
Snorkeling in Apo Reef, Mindoro
Snorkeling in Apo Reef, Mindoro
Snorkeling in Apo Reef, Mindoro
Here’s my friend Peng freediving in the coral garden.

When we were not in the water, we were either replenishing ourselves with Ate Perla’s cooking, taking a nap in hammocks or beside the beach or otherwise exploring the island. We visited the Apo Island lighthouse, a 110-foot white tower that offers an overlooking view of the island. We climbed up the lighthouse and the views were breathtaking. I imagined it’s what the views are like using a drone. We could see the surrounding water (in different shades of blue, with the coral areas peeking through), shores, karst rock area that suggests this island must have been underwater a long time ago and finally the lagoon aka mangrove forest.

Another activity that we did is visiting the lagoon. It was actually a fun detour and the trail to the lagoon looked like a scary forest from a fairy tale, with tree brambles along the way, a boardwalk with queasy steps to the lagoon and the proliferation of mangroves which creates a quiet, dense ambience. The lagoon is interesting in itself because it serves as a breeding ground for stingrays and sharks. The lagoon is connected to the ocean via an underground hole, although researches have yet to find where that is.

Apo Island Lighthouse, Mindoro
Apo Island lighthouse.
Beach view from Apo Island Lighthouse, Mindoro
Beach view from the lighthouse.
Kat in Apo Island Lighthouse
Love it here. 🙂
Lagoon in Apo Island, Apo Reef Natural Park
Lagoon view from the lighthouse.

At past midnight, some of us would wait for the Milky Way to appear in the sky. Apo Island is a great astrophotography spot because it’s far from major cities and provides a clear view of the Milky Way, provided there aren’t any clouds at night.

Apo Reef milky way
Milky Way. (Photo credit to Nix Ocampo Pelekai)
Sunrise in Apo Reef, Mindoro
Apo Island in Apo Reef Natural Park, Sablayan, Mindoro
Campsite in Apo Reef, Mindoro
Campsite in Apo Island.

Our stay in Apo Island was a blissful camp-style exploration. I wasn’t very comfortable with the basic restroom and lack of fresh water as well as the humid temperature at night (it was very hard to sleep), but it was compensated with the nature attractions we saw and experienced. This is possibly one of the best eco-destinations in the Philippines.


This is a spot where an unknown freighter has sunk a long time ago. The freighter is now covered with corals and lies at 12 meter below at the maximum, which makes it an easy dive and a favorite among freedivers.

Personally, I appreciated the shipwreck but would have allotted less than an hour here. The majority of our group were freedivers so they were more excited at the shipwreck than I was. There was a lot of posing and picture taking and this was definitely a highlight for them.

Shipwreck in Apo Reef
Shipwreck with coral undergrowth.
Shipwreck in Apo Reef

(Another place where you can see shipwrecks is at Coron, Palawan.)

Pandan Island

Pandan Island is not part of the Apo Reef Natural Park. Instead, it’s a private island resort, which is home to sea turtles. A visit in part of Sablayan wouldn’t be complete without a stopover at Pandan Island.

The turtles don’t just visit here from time to time, according to our tour guide THIS is their home. Compared to Apo Island in Negros Oriental (also famous for sea turtle sightseeing activity), in my experience it’s easier here to spot sea turtles. You only have to swim a little bit and you can find one crawling on the floor or smoothly gliding in one direction. I’m not sure if it’s because of the quantity of sea turtles in the area or the fact that there were only a number of tourist boats there.

There are regular sea turtles but every now and then we’d see a large one, which I’m guessing would be very, very old.

Sea turtle in Pandan Island, Sablayan, Mindoro
Sea turtle in Pandan Island.
Sea turtles in Pandan Island, Sablayan, Mindoro
Stingray in Pandan Island

Aside from sea turtles, there are also stingrays and various fishes here in Pandan Island.

How to get to Apo Reef

By air

  • Take a local flight to San Jose, Occidental Mindoro. From there, ride a tricycle to the bus terminal and board a bus en route to Sablayan (2.5-3 hours).

By land

  • Option 1: From Alabang, Buendia or Cubao, take a bus to Batangas Port. Hop on a ferry to Abra de Ilog (P260 ferry ticket + P30 terminal fee, 3-4 hours). From there, you can take either a bus (P220, 2-3 hours) or van (P250) to Sablayan.
  • Option 2: From Sampaloc (Manila) or Cubao, take a roro bus to San Jose in Occidental Mindoro and get off at Sablayan.

If you’re a budget traveler, option 1 is the cheapest option.

Once in Sablayan, you need to register at the Sablayan Tourism Office and then take a boat to Apo Island (biggest island in Apo Reef Natural Park; 3 hours).

3 Days itinerary in Apo Reef

Here’s our 3 days itinerary to Apo Reef and Pandan Island. Full credits to my friend Peng for planning this trip.

Day 0 11PM Meetup at Batangas Port
Day 11AM – 4AM Ferry to Abra de Ilog
4AM – 6AM Van ride to Sablayan
6AM – 7:30AM Breakfast and buy supplies
7:30AM Registration at Sablayan Tourism Office
8:30AM – 11:30AM Boat ride to Apo Island
11:30AM Pitch tent
12noon Lunch
Free time – Snorkel, dive, explore the island (lighthouse and lagoon)
Day 2Free time – Snorkel, dive, explore the island (lighthouse and lagoon)
Day 35:30AM Wake up call and break camp
6AM – 7AM Breakfast
7AM – 8AM Boat ride to the shipwreck
8AM – 9:30AM Explore shipwreck
9:30AM – 11:30AM Boat ride to Pandan Island
11:30AM – 2PM Lunch and explore Pandan Island
2PM – 3PM Boat ride back to mainland
3PM- 4PM Wash up
4PM – 6:45PM Van ride back to Abra de Ilog port
7PM – 10PM Ferry back to Batangas Port

Apo Reef is an amazing island to explore especially if you’re the adventurous type and you snorkel & freedive. If you just want to swim on the beach and explore the attractions in the island (i.e., lighthouse and lagoon) a 2-day trip may be enough for you, although the commute will be tiring.

Things to do in Apo Reef

  • Swim and snorkel. You can snorkel on your own or get a guided tour so you can see the best spots to snorkel.
  • Dive. There are different dive sites where you can see different species of fishes and corals.
  • Visit the lighthouse and lagoon aka mangrove forest. The lighthouse offers a nice view of the small island.
  • Gaze at the Milky Way at night. Lack of light pollution makes Apo Island a great spot for gazing at and photo-shooting at night.
  • See nearby attractions: shipwreck and Pandan Island.

Where to stay

We opted to stay in Apo Reef Island since it’s the best way to experience the island. Here are the things you need to know about staying in Apo Reef:

  • You can bring your own tent or rent one from the Sablayan Tourism Office during registration.
  • Bring flashlight (for use at night) and insect repellent (in case there are niknik or sand flies).
  • There are restrooms in Apo Reef but don’t expect something grand. Water is abundant but it’s also sea water.
  • There is no signal in the island and no electricity. Make sure to bring a powerbank.

Basically it’s similar to rough backpacking since you need to bring every essential items.

Alternately, you can also stay in Pandan Island where you can find Pandan Island Resort (2 hours away from Apo Island).

If you plan to stay in the mainland, you can book here for discounted rates of hotels in Sablayan.

Where to eat

If you’re staying in Apo Reef, you need to bring and cook your own food. You can also coordinate with the tourism office to hire a cook(s), depending on how many you are in a group. You can buy the ingredients in the market yourself or just ask the cook to do it for you.

Since we’re a group of 33 people, we hired 1 cook and 1 assistant. Our organizer Peng planned the menu with them and asked them to buy the ingredients. Overall, we were happy with the meals prepared by our cook Ate Perla.

Tips and reminders

  • Snorkels, fins and tents can be rented in the Sablayan Tourism Office.
  • Be respectful of the locals and the environment. Don’t bring home anything you’re not supposed to take, don’t step on the corals and stay a good distance away from sea creatures. Read this post on eco-friendly travel for more tips.

Budget and expenses

Here are the current rates (as of our visit in March 2019):

  • Rentals: tent – P300 overnight (good for 3 people) / mask and snorkel – P150 overnight / fins – P150 overnight
  • Entrance fee to Apo Reef: P390 per person
  • Entrance fee to Pandan Island: P220 + P55 environmental fee per person

Entrance fee to Pandan Island is not required if you’re not going to set foot on the island (i.e., ask your boatmen to wait several meters from the shore so you can snorkel around the island), but you still have to pay the environmental fee.

As for the boat rates, price varies depending on size & capacity. You need to contact the Sablayan Tourism Office for inquiries and booking.

  • Boat good for 8 pax – P8500
  • Boat good for 20 pax (count including boatmen and tour guide) – P13,000 + P2500 per additional day + P500 visit to the shipwreck

Other expenses:

  • If you need to hire a cook: 1 cook – P1000 per day / P300 assistant

We came in a group and our budget is about P4000 per person for this 3-day trip (excluding our individual commute from Manila to Batangas Port).


  • Van rental in Sablayan: Ms Vicky – 0939 917 0241
  • Sablayan tourism / 0995 812 6902 OR 0998 546 5917 / email:

The tourism office assigns the boat & tour guide(s) that will accompany you in Sablayan. However, you can still request for specific people if you like, as long as they are available on the dates of your visit. We recommend getting Kuya James and Kuya Ambo as your tour guides as we were very happy with their assistance during our trip.

Thank you Peng and Coach Rogelio for organizing this trip! If you want to learn to swim and freedive, please read our post on freediving lesson here and/or contact Coach Rogelio at Shadow Freedivers.

What to read next:

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  • Steffi

    Hi Katherine,

    This was all really helpful information as I’m starting to plan a week long trip in October! Do you have any advice for where to stay on the mainland near Apo Reef? We are thinking of spending some time in Puerto Galera and then somehow get over to Apo Reef but would love some help of others places to stop at on Mindoro. We love beautiful beaches, some hiking, coral gardens and any marine life! Thank you, Steffi

  • Dhie Lopez

    Hi i just want to ask, if how about the 2 person only like a couple traveler then we can not afford the 8,500 for 8 pax.. if we trying to contact the tourism office in sablayan, matutulungan na nila kami para makahanap ng makakasama namin? Thanks

  • Paul

    I need to clarify fees that I will be charged to dive in Apo reef from MY own boat. I have sailing blogs comments that the entrance fee is one thing 2500p/person but then you get smacked with 350p mooring fee /day and a further 3500p/person to scuba dive. I can NOT afford to visit if this is correct and I am NOT going to sail all the way up there hoping that the figures are wrong only to find I have to sail away again. Can someone please clarify what are the total fees. I would like to dive twice per day there are two of us on a live aboard- I am NOT Philippina

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